Alexander the Great was born on July 20, 356 B.C., to King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia, a child of King Neoptolemus, in the Pella district of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia. The young prince and his sister were brought up in Pella’s royal court.
Alexander was a dark-eyed, curly-headed boy who saw his father very little as a child because he was engaged in military operations and adulterous affairs. Alexander looked up to Olympia as a role model, but he came to dislike his father’s absence and philandering.
The austere Leonidas of Epirus, a relative, was Alexander’s first teacher. Alexander was a problematic student for Leonidas to manage as King Phillip taught him math, riding, and archery. The young man’s next tutor, Lysimachus, used role-playing to keep Alexander’s interest. Alexander enjoyed portraying the warrior Achilles very much.
Alexander received philosophical instruction from Aristotle in 343 B.C. at the Temple of the Nymphs at Meizu, thanks to King Philip II. Aristotle taught Alexander and a few of his pals philosophy, poetry, drama, science, and politics for three years. Aristotle saw how Homer’s Iliad encouraged Alexander to dream of being a heroic warrior. He wrote an abbreviated version of the Iliad for Alexander to bring with him on military excursions.
How Aristotle Influenced Alexander The Great?
King Philip II of Macedon was concerned for Alexander the Great’s education because he was the son and heir to the throne. King Philip instructed Alexander by the great Greek philosopher Aristotle in 343 BCE.
Up until the assassination of King Philip II and the ascent of Alexander, Aristotle would serve as the prince’s private instructor for seven years.
When Alexander became king, Aristotle may not have been his tutor, but the two remained close friends and communicated frequently through letters. Alexander learned the value of being educated and cultured from Aristotle.
Despite Aristotle’s negative views of people from other cultures, notably Persians, the great thinker’s effect could be readily observed as Alexander negotiated delicate diplomatic issues.
The young king was firmly under the sway of Aristotle even when they were fighting. When Alexander wasn’t actively battling, he could always be seen holding a book about art or culture.
How Alexander The Great Became King of Macedonia?
Despite having demonstrated outstanding leadership abilities since he was a youngster, young Alexander’s path to becoming king wasn’t easy. King Philip II of Macedonia and Queen Olympias had a son named Alexander III in 356 BCE.
The fact that Alexander tamed his enormous steed Bucephalus when he was just 12 years old is what first led King Philip II to think that Alexander would make the ideal heir to the throne.
Due to his violent disposition, the wild horse had earlier been known to cause issues, but Bucephalus would go on to become Alexander, the Great’s practically lifelong wartime buddy.
When Alexander the Great was just 16 years old, his father placed him in charge of Macedonia while he was away, and Alexander the Great would go on to conduct his first battle.
The Sacred Band of Thebes was a small army made up solely of male lovers that battled the Macedonian army during the Battle of Chaeronea. Alexander sent his first army to fight them. One of King Philip II’s bodyguards would kill him in 336 B.C.E. at the Wedding of Cleopatra.
What Areas Did Alexander The Great Conquer?
Alexander the Great would conquer nations from Southwest Asia to northeast Africa on his quest for world dominance. Alexander would concentrate on enhancing the metropolis after taking a new government under his control.
Alexander the Great was prepared to push himself and his troops harder after achieving his first victory. Fortunately, his father had already established many of the war resources that the young king would require, including the League of Corinth.
A group of Greek cities known as the League of Corinth cooperated in war planning and assisted in preserving control of Alexander the Great’s Greek realm.
Alexander was assigned to lead the invasion of Asia after meeting with the council. When the monarch led his army to the Middle East in 334 B.C.E., Alexander the Great initially launched the attack.
In the Battle of Issus, which took place in Turkey a year later, Alexander fought against King Darius III of Persia and his troops. As soon as it was evident that Alexander and his army were going to prevail, Darius fled so hastily that he left his entire family behind.