On April 15, 1452, Leonardo was born in the Italian town of Vinci, which is located in the province of Florence and is a part of Tuscany. Natural son of Ser Piero Da Vinci, a prosperous Florentine notary, and Caterina, a peasant. Due to the tensions and conflicts resulting from the Turkish invasion and capture of the Roman Empire of the East in 1453, political and social unrest was palpable during his formative years.
Da Vinci demonstrated exceptional mathematical prowess in addition to his incredible artistic talent. He enrolled in Andrea del Verrocchio’s Florence studio as a young man to pursue his creative education. Because of the significant artists, he encountered, including Sandro Botticelli and Pietro Perugino, this period of his life was crucial.
Later, in 1482, Da Vinci relocated to Milan to appeal to Duke Ludovico Sforza. The latter had spent considerable tribute money adorned the city with great works and defenses. He was welcomed into Ludovico’s court, where he worked for seventeen years as a painter and a military engineer. His endeavors were numerous and varied, from painting and sculpture to hydraulics and mechanics. He produced two significant images during this time: The Last Supper and The Virgin of the Rocks.
|Date of Birth||April 15, 1452|
|Date of Death||May 2, 1519, Château Du Clos Lucé, Amboise, France|
|Place of Birth||Vinci|
Leonardo da Vinci’s Early life
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (Leonardo, son of ser Piero from Vinci), sometimes known as Leonardo da Vinci, On April 15, 1452, was born in or near the Tuscan hill town of Vinci; Florence was 20 miles away. He was born out of wedlock to lower-class Caterina (c. 1434–1494) and Ser Piero da Vinci (Ser Piero di Antonio di Ser Piero di Ser Guido da Vinci; 1426–1504), a Florentine legal notar.
Although it is still possible that Leonardo was born in a Florence home that Ser Piero almost certainly owned, the traditional account, based on a local oral tradition documented by the historian Emanuele Repetti, claims that he was born in Anchiano. This rural community would have provided sufficient privacy for illegitimate birth. The year after Leonardo was born, his parents got married in separate ceremonies. Caterina later referred to as simply “Caterina” or “Catalina” in Leonardo’s notebooks, is typically recognized as the Caterina Buti del Vacca who wed the neighborhood craftsman Antonio di Piero Buti del Vacca, also known as “L’Accattabriga” (“the quarrelsome one”).
Several other explanations have been put up, most notably the one put forth by art historian Martin Kemp, who advocated Caterina di Meo Lippi, an orphan who allegedly received assistance from Ser Piero and his family to wed. Ser Piero married Albiera Amadori after being betrothed to her the year before; after her passing in 1464, he married three more times. Leonardo eventually had 16 half-siblings from all the marriages (the last was born when Leonardo was 46 years old) who were much younger than him and with whom he had very little interaction. Of the 16, 11 survived infancy.
Because of his biography in the usually apocryphal Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects (1550) by the 16th-century art historian Giorgio Vasari, very little is known about Leonardo’s early years, and most of it is veiled in mystery.
Tax records show that he resided in his paternal grandfather Antonio da Vinci’s home by at least 1457. Still, he probably spent the years before that in his mother’s care in Vinci, possibly in Anchiano or Campo Zeppi in the parish of San Pantaleone. Although it is believed that he and his uncle Francesco da Vinci were close, his father likely spent most of his time in Florence
Ser Piero, who came from a long line of notaries, had a prosperous profession and had at least maintained an official house in Florence by 1469. Despite his family’s educational background, Leonardo only had a fundamental and informal education in (vernacular) writing, reading, and mathematics. This may be because his family chose to concentrate on his art. After all, they early on recognized his artistic talent. Leonardo later wrote down his first memories, which are now preserved in the Codex Atlanticus.
He described an incident from when he was a baby when a kite approached his cradle and opened his mouth with its tail while writing about the flight of birds; observers now disagree whether the narrative was an actual memory or a fiction.
Leonardo da Vinci’s Rome and France
Leonardo visited Rome in September and was welcomed by the pope’s brother Giuliano. Giovanni, the son of Lorenzo de Medici, was elected pope (as Leo X) in March 1513. Michelangelo and Raphael were both active in the Apostolic Palace’s Belvedere Courtyard from September 1513 to September 1516, where Leonardo lived for a significant portion of that time.
Leonardo received a monthly allowance of 33 ducats and, according to Vasari, embellished a lizard with quicksilver-dipped scales. The pope offered him a commission for an unknown-subject painting but later canceled it since the artist began working on a new sort of varnish. Leonardo fell unwell, maybe the first of several strokes that ultimately caused his death. He worked as a botanist in the Vatican City Gardens and was tasked with creating designs for the pontiff’s projected draining of the Pontine Marshes.
To win back the pope’s favor, he also dissected cadavers and made notes for a dissertation on vocal cords, which he sent to a representative. France’s King Francis I retook Milan in October 1515. Leonardo attended the meeting between Francis I and Leo X in Bologna on December 19th.
Leonardo joined Francis’ service in 1516 and was allowed access to the Clos Lucé manor house, which is close to the king’s residence at the royal Château d’Amboise. Francis frequently visited him, and he created a mechanical lion that, during a pageant, went toward the king and opened its chest to reveal a bouquet of lilies when struck by a wand. He also drew blueprints for the enormous castle town the king intended to build at Romorantin.
Francesco Melzi, Leonardo’s apprentice and friend, was with him throughout this time and received a 10,000 scudi pension. The only other portraits of Leonardo known to have been created during his lifetime are the one that Melzi drew at some stage (around 1517) and a drawing by Giovanni Ambrogio Figino that shows an elderly Leonardo with his right arm covered in garments.
The latter, in addition to the documentation of Louis d’Aragon’s visit in October 1517, validates a claim that Leonardo’s right hand was paralyzed when he was 65 years old, which may explain why he abandoned projects like the Mona Lisa incomplete. He kept working till he eventually fell ill and was confined to bed for a while.
Leonardo da Vinci’s Personal life
Leonardo rarely discussed his personal life, despite the thousands of pages he left in notes and writings. Leonardo’s outstanding inventive abilities, his “great physical beauty” and “infinite grace,” as described by Vasari, and all other facets of his existence, piqued people’s interest during his lifetime. One of these characteristics was his love of animals, which probably included his vegetarianism and, according to Vasari, his practice of buying caged birds and releasing them.
One of Leonardo’s many acquaintances was mathematician Luca Pacioli, with whom he co-wrote the book Divina proportions in the 1490s. Many other friends are today famous in their areas or for their historical significance. Except for his connection with Cecilia Gallerani and the Este sisters, Beatrice and Isabella, Leonardo doesn’t seem to have had many intimate interactions with women. While traveling through Mantua, he sketched an image of Isabella, which appears to have been used to construct a lost painted picture.
Beyond friendship, Leonardo hid the details of his personal life. His sexual orientation has been the focus of ridicule, research, and conjecture. This fashion was recreated in the 19th and 20th centuries, most famously by Sigmund Freud in Leonardo da Vinci, A Memory of His Childhood, which dates back to the mid-16th century. The closest relationships Leonardo had were probably with Sala and Melzi, two of his students. Leonardo had intense and loving feelings for his students, according to Melzi, who wrote to inform Leonardo’s brothers of his passing. Since the 16th century, it has been asserted that these interactions were sexual or erotic.
Leonardo and three other young men were charged with sodomy in an event involving a well-known male prostitute in 1476, according to court records, when he was 24 years old. There is suspicion that because one of the accused, Lionardo de Tornabuoni, was connected to Lorenzo de Medici, the family used their clout to win the discharge of the charges because there was insufficient evidence to support them. Since then, a lot has been written about his alleged homosexuality and how it affected his artwork, particularly the androgyny and eroticism seen in Saint John the Baptist and Bacchus, as well as more overtly in a few erotic images.
Leonardo da Vinci’s Death
At age 67, Leonardo passed away at Clos Lucé on May 2, 1519, possibly from a stroke. Francis and I had grown close. Vasari quotes Leonardo as saying, “He had offended against God and men by failing to exercise his art as he should have done,” as he lay on his deathbed, full of regret. According to Vasari, Leonardo requested a priest in his final hours so that he might confess and receive the Holy Sacrament. Vasari also states that the monarch held Leonardo’s head in his arms as he passed away, though it’s possible that this is only a fable. According to his instructions, sixty begging men holding candles accompanied Leonardo’s coffin.
The principal heir and executor, Melzi, received Leonardo’s paintings, tools, library, and personal items in addition to the money. Half of Leonardo’s vineyards were divided between his servant Baptista de Vilanis and his longtime student and friend, Sala. His servant lady was given a fur-lined mantle, and his brothers each received land. Leonardo’s bones were laid to rest at the Collegiate Church of Saint Florentin at the Château d’Amboise on August 12, 1519.
The devil, sometimes known as Sala or Il Salaino, moved into Leonardo’s home around 1490 as an assistant. Leonardo produced a list of his transgressions after just a year, describing him as “a thief, a liar, stubborn, and a glutton,” after he had stolen money and valuables at least five times and spent a fortune on clothing. However, Leonardo gave him a lot of tolerance and allowed him to stay with him for the following 30 years. Under the name Andrea Sala, Sala produced some paintings. However, despite Vasari’s claim that Leonardo “taught him many things about painting,” his work is widely regarded as having lower artistic worth than that of other students of Leonardo, such as Marco dogging and Boltraffio.
At the time of Leonardo’s death in 1524, Sala was the owner of the Mona Lisa, and in his testament, it was valued at 505 lire, an astronomically expensive sum for a little panel portrait. Francis reportedly said, approximately 20 years after Leonardo passed away, “There had never been another man born in the world who knew as much as Leonardo, not so much about painting, sculpture, and building, as that he was a very profound philosopher.” Benvenuto Cellini was a goldsmith and artist.
Leonardo Da Vinci height – How Tall Is Leonardo Da Vinci?
The artist and writer Leonardo Da Vinci (Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci) were born on April 15, 1452, in Vinci, Republic of Florence (current-day Tuscany, Italy). Leonardo Da Vinci’s height at age 67 is 5 feet, 8 inches (175.0 cm).